It should be no surprise that crashes involving large commercial trucks can cause severe injuries. Some truck accident victims have their lives completely changed, as they may suffer permanent disabilities or impairments because of their injuries. These injuries can keep people from earning a living. Some people might even require assistance with everyday activities and personal care. Truck accident victims also commonly incur significant medical expenses and other financial losses.
Because of the substantial dangers associated with tractor trailer crashes, it is important to be aware of what to watch for on the highway and how to react. The following are some signs that there may be risks of a truck crashing.
If you believe you witness any potential signs of dangerous truck driving or a possible crash, get as far ahead of the truck as possible or stay far enough behind the truck to avoid being involved in a collision. In addition, if a truck crashes in front of you, make sure you are focused so that you can react in time and avoid a chain reaction crash.
In the event you are in a truck accident, determining what caused the accident is critical to seeking compensation for your financial losses as well as pain and suffering. Investigating the cause of a crash can require many resources, so you want to seek assistance from an attorney who has the knowledge and ability to identify the cause of a crash.
All circumstances can be considered during a truck accident investigation, including any signs you witnessed of erratic driving, dangerous conditions, or other potential indications of a truck crash prior to the accident occurring. You should always write down what you witnessed, as even the slightest details can help lead to a determination of what caused the accident so that you can hold the responsible party liable for your losses.
It is important to be safe and avoid a truck accident whenever possible. However, if you were injured in a truck crash, you should not wait to call a skilled truck accident lawyer at The Levin Firm in Philadelphia. Please contact us today at 215-825-5183 for a free consultation.
1 entitles people who are hurt in accidents that were caused by someone else’s negligence to compensation for the losses they sustain. Victims can recover for both their economic and non-economic losses, and some examples of the kinds of damages that are pursued in a typical 2 case include medical expenses, property damage, physical and emotional pain and suffering, lost income, and loss of quality of life.
Victims understandably want to obtain the largest settlement or award possible after an accident. Generally speaking, maximizing compensation after an injury-causing accident involves keeping detailed records about the way in which your injuries have affected you and making sure that your losses are documented and verified by third parties. Here are some of the specific things that you can do to ensure that you receive the full value of your claim.
After an accident, you should keep detailed notes about the way in which your injuries affect you. Some examples of the kinds of issues of which you should make note include the following:
You should always see a doctor after you are hurt in an accident, even if you do not believe that your injuries are particularly severe. This will serve two purposes; first, it will ensure that your injuries are accurately identified and that you start treatment as soon as possible. Second, it will result in the creation of a medical record that can be used as evidence when establishing damages.
Many accident victims are prescribed physical therapy or other ongoing treatment for pain management. It is essential for you to attend all of these appointments, regardless of whether you think they are helping or necessary. Failure to do so may make it possible for the insurance company or at-fault party to argue that your injuries are not as severe as you claim they are.
If you are an active social media user, it may be a good idea to refrain from posting while your case is pending. Most of us who use social media like to present an idealized version of our lives, and pictures or posts showing you active and happy may make it seem like you are not as hurt as you claim to be. On the other hand, it is not advisable to start deleting old posts as it may give the impression that you are trying to destroy evidence.
If you have been hurt in an accident caused by the negligence of others, you should contact a lawyer as soon as possible. To schedule a free consultation with one of our , call the Levin Firm today at 215-825-5183 or send us an email through our .
Recent statistics show that over the past few years, Philadelphia car accidents – as well as car accidents statewide – have been on the rise. These high crash statistics in and around Philadelphia are due-in-part to the large population and large number of multi-lane, high-speed roadways and highways in the area.
Regardless of the reasons for these incidents, tens of thousands of people are being injured in car accidents that may have occurred through no fault of their own. When this occurs, victims are often able to recover compensation for their losses under Pennsylvania law. For this reason, if you have been hurt in an accident, you should be sure to have your case reviewed by a lawyer as soon as possible.
The most recent DOT report for 2015 was released in late-2016. According to that report, the total number of car crashes in Pennsylvania totaled 127,127. This number includes 59,290 personal injury crashes and 1,102 fatal injury crashes. The report also noted the following statistics:
The highest number of total crashes were reported over the Thanksgiving, Memorial Day, Fourth of July, and Labor Day Holidays, with the Christmas Holiday following shortly behind.
While car accidents originate from a variety of sources, some of the most statistically common causes of car crashes in Philadelphia and the surrounding area include the following:
In some cases, it may be necessary to conduct a thorough investigation about the way in which an accident occurred in order to recover compensation. In these instances, the representation of an attorney can be invaluable. A lawyer will evaluate your case, determine what types of evidence may exist, and use a legal process known as “discovery” to obtain it. Some of the ways a lawyer can help get evidence that indicates negligence on the part of another person includes the following:
Victims should keep in mind that an attorney will make the process of preparing your case much easier than it would be if they chose to do it on their own. The last thing you should do while you are in the process of recovering from your injuries is spend time making phone calls, filling out forms, and negotiating with insurance company adjusters who are trying to pay you as little as possible for your injuries. When you retain a lawyer, all of these issues will be handled for you, allowing to focus on getting better and putting your accident behind you.
If you have been injured in a car accident as a result of someone else’s negligence, our experienced Philadelphia car accident attorneys are ready to assist you with your case.
Remember that insurance companies are not on your side and want to pay out as little money as possible in satisfaction of your claim. Our experienced Philadelphia car accident lawyers have what it takes to hold the insurance companies accountable and negotiate a fair settlement of your car accident case. If a fair settlement cannot be reached, our experienced attorneys welcome the challenge of litigating your case or taking it directly to trial.
Motorcycle accidents are extremely dangerous events and the injuries sustained by motorcycle operators and their passengers can oftentimes be severe and catastrophic. When these incidents are the result of the negligence of another person, victims can often recover significant compensation for the losses they have sustained, including their medical expenses, lost income, loss of quality of life, and physical and emotional pain and suffering.
Determining whether an accident was caused by negligence can be a complicated matter, which is why victims should always take the time to speak to an attorney after a wreck. A lawyer will thoroughly review your case and determine whether you have a claim to file.
While the myriad of possible causes of Philadelphia motorcycle accidents is overwhelming and potentially unlimited, some of the more common causes of Philadelphia motorcycle accidents are as follows:
If you are involved in a motorcycle accident in the Philadelphia area, there are certain things you can do to maximize your chances of recovering compensation. The first issue you need to deal with after a motorcycle accident is your physical well-being; if emergency medical personnel recommend that you go to the hospital, do so. If you are able to stay at the scene of the accident, try and collect as much information as you can, including the names of the other drivers involved, the license plate numbers of the vehicles, the other drivers’ insurance information, and any identifying information on any commercial vehicles that may have been involved.
It is important to go see a doctor after an accident, even if you do not believe that your injuries require medical treatment. Doing so will ensure that your injuries are identified, treated and that an official record is generated. Seeing a physician is an important step in ensuring that you are able to recover compensation later, as insurance companies will often try and argue that your injuries are not as severe as you claim.
Finally, you should speak to an attorney as soon as you can after an accident has occurred, as any delay could hurt your chances of recovering compensation for your losses.
If you have been injured in a motorcycle accident as a result of someone else’s negligence, our experienced attorneys can assist you with safeguarding your legal rights and helping you to obtain monetary compensation.
Insurance companies sometimes deny liability altogether in motorcycle accident cases and refuse to pay. However, our experienced Philadelphia motorcycle accident lawyers have the necessary legal knowledge and skills to combat the insurance companies and obtain a fair settlement on your behalf. If the insurance company denies liability – or if a fair settlement cannot be reached – our experienced attorneys are not afraid to litigate your case or take it to trial.
Popular ridesharing companies like 1 and Lyft have been taking the transportation industry by storm and giving taxicab companies a run for their money. Over the past several years, Uber has quickly surpassed cab companies in urban areas, such as Philadelphia, for safety, cleanliness, convenience, and affordability. When riders download the Uber App onto their iPhone or smart device, they can request and pay for rides and keep track of their requested driver’s location at all times.
Because several potential individuals, companies, and insurance companies are in potentially involved, Uber car accident cases can be extremely complex. If you have been injured in a car accident involving an Uber ride vehicle, our experienced Philadelphia Uber accident lawyers can help. Our experienced attorneys can discuss the facts and circumstances of your case with you and can file claims against all necessary parties on your behalf, helping to maximize your potential recovery.
Although Uber requires its drivers to undergo thorough background checks and carry their own motor vehicle insurance, Uber drivers are not employees of Uber. Rather, they are independent contractors. The difference between an employee and an independent contractor largely rests with the amount of control the company has over the worker, whether the worker sets his or her own schedule, and how the worker is paid (e.g., salary versus contract work). In the world of personal injury lawsuits, this distinction can make a significant difference.
In past cases, Uber has tried to distance itself from its drivers when they behave negligently behind the wheel or are deemed ‘at-fault’ for a motor vehicle accident. However, more recent cases have shown that Uber can share in the .2
In cases of motor vehicle accidents involving negligent Uber drivers, the following parties could potentially share in the liability:
An experienced Philadelphia Uber accident lawyer will typically file suit against all of these parties in order to safeguard liability and maximize the potential recovery in the case. However, each of these entities will attempt to have an injured plaintiff sign an agreement that potentially limits settlement and/or prohibits the injured plaintiff from taking further legal action. An injured plaintiff should never sign such an agreement (at least without first consulting with a lawyer), as he or she could potentially lose thousands of dollars in recovery and/or monetary damages.
50/100/25 of contingent coverage by Uber in-between fares (i.e. contingent to a driver’s personal automobile insurance policy and paid only if the personal automobile insurance policy refuses to pay, or pays nothing
$1 million of uninsured/underinsured motorist benefits per accident (rather than per person), providing coverage for Uber passengers who are injured when another driver causes a collision or other type of accident
$1 million of liability coverage per accident (divided into bodily injury and property damage liability)
Many people who are injured in Uber accidents are anxious to find out how much their case is worth. Unfortunately, there is no way to determine how much a case is worth without conducting a thorough analysis of all of the facts, and any estimate is merely speculation until the case actually settles or a judge or jury make an award. That being said, it is helpful to consider the kinds of damages that are available in most car accident cases. These tend to include medical expenses, lost income, property damage, and physical and emotional pain and suffering. Because Uber customers are passengers, however, it is unlikely that they will be entitled to any compensation for property damage unless they were carrying valuable possessions at the time that the accident occurred
Some of the factors that can affect the amount of the settlement or award your receive after an Uber accident include the following:
If you have been injured in a car accident where Uber is involved, you need experienced legal representation. You should know that Uber has a veritable army of attorneys and lobbyists at its disposal who will use all legal means necessary to limit – or eliminate – Uber’s potential liability exposure.
Our experienced Uber accident lawyers are ready and willing to represent you throughout your case. To schedule a free consultation with a Philadelphia Uber accident lawyer, call our office today at 215-825-5183 or .
Motorcycle accidents can happen anywhere, and the results can oftentimes be catastrophic. The many busy multi-lane highways and roadways in and around Philadelphia are prime territory for motorcycle accidents.
The main reason why motorcycles are so dangerous is because the operator (and the passenger, if there is one) do not have the body of a car surrounding them and protecting them in the event of a crash. Therefore, when a crash occurs, the operator and any passengers are likely to make direct contact with the ground and seriously injure themselves. A motorcycle helmet and other types of riding gear provide a protective barrier between a motorcycle rider’s head and the ground.
Motorcycle accidents can often by caused by the driver of another motor vehicle, meaning that victims are often able to obtain compensation for their injuries. If you have been injured in a motorcycle accident, our experienced Philadelphia motorcycle accident attorneys are here to help. We will review the unique facts and circumstances of your case and can assist you with maximizing its value. If your case is contested, our team will fully investigate your case and take it to trial if it becomes necessary.
Motorcycle helmets save lives. Period. Statistically, according to both the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the , motorcycle helmets reduce the risk of death by 37% in motorcycle crashes and reduce the risk of head injuries by 69%.
When riders sustain injuries in motorcycle crashes, the injuries are oftentimes catastrophic. Some of the most common types of injuries sustained in motorcycle crashes include the following:
Given the seriousness of these injuries, motorcycle operators and passengers should not take any chances when it comes to motorcycle safety. Motorcycle helmets can help to prevent – or significantly lessen – the injuries a person sustains in the event of a crash in the following ways:
Most importantly, the simple act of putting on a motorcycle helmet is a reminder that riding a motorcycle can be a dangerous business, placing motorcycle operators and their passengers in the proper mindset.
The days, week, and months immediately following a motorcycle accident can be stressful and confusing. Between doctors, specialists, insurance adjusters, and work or school, the aftermath of a serious accident can be overwhelming. Fortunately, there are many ways that an attorney can help victims, including the following:
If you have been hurt in an accident, you should be certain to keep in mind that it is best to speak to an attorney as soon as you, because any delay could result in the loss or destruction of evidence that is essential to your claim. In addition, Pennsylvania personal injury claims are subject to a strict ,2 which means that waiting to file a claim could result in the forfeiture of your right to recover compensation at all.
Motorcycle accidents can result in serious injuries, and in the worst cases, death. Riders, therefore, should take every possible precaution.
If you have been injured in a motorcycle accident as a result of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to monetary compensation. Remember that the insurance company is doing everything it can to pay you as little as possible, including potentially using tactics designed to get you to inadvertently admit partial or full liability for your accident
Our experienced Philadelphia motorcycle accident lawyers have the necessary legal knowledge and expertise to negotiate with insurance adjusters on your behalf and help you to obtain a fair value for your case. If a favorable settlement offer cannot be reached, we are not afraid to take your case to trial.
Motor vehicle accidents can happen anywhere, and Philadelphia, with its many busy roadways and highways, is no exception. Car wrecks can be very traumatizing experiences, and legal concerns are probably the last thing on your mind following involvement in a serious car crash.
Insurance companies, like most big businesses, are interested in lining their own pockets. Their goal in a car accident case is to settle the case as quickly (and as cheaply) as possible. Our experienced Philadelphia personal injury attorneys can help you by negotiating with the insurance company on your behalf and assisting you with obtaining a favorable settlement offer.
If the insurance company refuses to settle your case fairly, we are not afraid to litigate your case and take it to trial. What follows are some simple steps you can take to maximize the value of your case, including the amount of your settlement, arbitration award, or jury verdict.
Injured victims of Philadelphia car accidents should immediately seek same-day treatment at a local hospital emergency room or urgent care facility. This is true even when no symptoms are immediately apparent. Same-day treatment is necessary for the following reasons:
It is also important that car accident victims be complete and accurate when describing their pain and symptoms (without overstating their cases) – and that they follow through with all of the emergency room physician’s treatment recommendations. This may include doing one or more of the following:
Following a same-day hospital emergency room or urgent care visit, it is important to start treatment with a health care provider immediately for injuries sustained in the accident. Large gaps in treatment, long delays in treatment, and missed appointments (or late arrivals) are red flags for insurance adjusters. Rightly or wrongly, gaps in medical treatment or physical therapy send a signal to the insurance company that a car accident victim is not as seriously injured as he or she claims.
While proving losses like lost income and medical expenses is fairly straightforward, it is often more difficult to establish the non-economic damages accident victims sustain. Consequently, it is important for victims to keep detailed notes about the way in which their injuries have affected them. Make note of pain that you experience, activities that you forgo because of your injuries, any problems you have sleeping, and feelings of 1 or anxiety that you have.
Seek Legal Representation
An experienced Philadelphia personal injury lawyer will be able to do the following:
It is important to keep in mind that establishing the value of a car accident case is a complicated matter and often requires determining how your injuries will affect in the months and years that follow. The assistance of an attorney will ensure that all of your injuries are adequately compensated and that you receive the settlement or award that you deserve.
Personal injuries sustained as a result of someone else’s 2 can be very serious and can affect every aspect of a person’s life – including their health, their finances, and their quality of life.
An experienced Philadelphia personal injury lawyer will have the necessary legal knowledge and expertise to negotiate with insurance adjusters on your behalf and help you to obtain a fair resolution to your case.
A car accident can leave you with serious injuries, a wrecked car, an inability to earn an income, and significant physical pain and emotional suffering. Thankfully for victims, under certain circumstances, 1 allows people who are hurt in accidents to recover compensation for these and other losses that they sustain as a result of their accident.
Obtaining compensation does not happen automatically, however, and there are often several complicated steps that victims need to go through before they receive a check to cover the damages they incurred. For this reason, it is strongly suggested that anyone involved in a car accident speak to a lawyer about their options shortly after their wreck. Below are the top three reasons you should talk to a lawyer after a car wreck.
Not every car accident entitles those involved to compensation for their injuries – you need to be able to establish that the incident was someone else’s fault. For example, if a tree suddenly fell into the roadway after a lightning strike and caused an accident, it would be hard for anyone hurt in the incident to establish that someone else caused their injuries.
In personal injury law, a person is said to be “at fault” if it can be shown that he or she was negligent and that their negligence caused an accident. Some common examples of negligence that can cause a car crash include the following:
In some instanced, it may not be clear who or what caused an accident to occur. If this is the case in your accident, you attorney will investigate your case, gather evidence, and determine whether you may be able to file a claim.
There are many ways that you could hurt your chances of recovering compensation while your case is pending. Insurance company representatives often try and get accident victims to make statements that may indicate that they were partially or even completely at fault for an accident, which could have the potentially of significantly reducing the amount of compensation you receive or making it impossible to recover compensation at all.
When you have a lawyer representing you, he or she will communicate with the insurance company on your behalf so that you do not have to worry about saying anything that could hurt your chances of obtaining compensation.
The majority of car accident cases are settled out of court, sometimes before a lawsuit is even filed. This is because in most cases, the cause of the accident is so obvious that it would be a waste of time to litigate the matter. As a result, the only issue that the parties need to agree upon is how much the insurance company will pay the injured victim.
In order to know what a fair settlement is, however, you need to know how much a case may be worth. The damages that are involved in car accident cases often include economic damages like lost income and property damage, which may be easy to determine, but also damages for pain and suffering or loss of quality of life, which are more difficult to accurately assess. In addition, in cases involving serious injuries that cause long-term problems, victims need to be certain to seek damages for their future losses as well. In cases where future losses are at issue, it is often necessary to consult with experts who can determine the cost of care in the future as well as how much a person would have earned had the accident not occurred.
If you have been involved in a car accident, you should speak to a lawyer as soon as you can. At the Levin Firm, our are committed to representing the rights of victims and take every step possible to ensure that our clients get the compensation to which they are entitled. To schedule a free consultation with an attorney, call our office today at 215-825-5183 or send us an email through our
Many of us are extremely busy and rushed, forcing us to take certain meals while we are driving our vehicles. On any given morning, you can see people eating breakfast and having their morning coffee while sitting in traffic, and a behind-the-wheel means are a staple of many long road trips. Unfortunately, this seemingly harmless way to save time can result in severe injury to others.
While eating and driving and be common and seem like everyday multi-tasking, the fact is that anything that can potentially distract someone while they are driving is dangerous and can result in serious injury-causing accidents. ,1 there are three main categories of driver distraction, which are as follows:
Eating can combine all three types of driver distraction, making a particularly dangerous thing to do while driving. Clearly, a person needs to use his or her hands in order to get food into his or her mouth, making eating a manual distraction. In addition, people tend to look at their food while they are eating it, which means that eating and driving requires drivers to take their eyes off of the road, making it a visual distraction. Finally, eating can be a cognitive distraction, because it requires drivers to pay attention to something other than the road.
Many people who are injured in accidents caused by drivers who were eating or distracted in some other way often want to know whether they will be able to recover compensation for their losses. Under Pennsylvania law, people who are hurt by the negligence of others are legally entitled to damages for losses such as medical expenses, lost income, loss of quality of life, property damage, and physical and emotional pain and suffering.
Generally speaking, distracted driving is negligent driving, which means that eating, drinking, manipulating a smartphone, changing the radio station, and other common driver distractions will entitle victims to compensation. In many cases, the fact that the driver was distracted is secondary to the fact that the distraction caused the driver to break a traffic law such as running a stop sign, following too closely, making an improper turn, or weaving into another lane.
In cases where a distracted driver (or his or her insurance company) concedes liability, victims often wonder whether they need to retain an attorney at all. In these kinds of cases, the only issue that the parties need to address in how much the at-fault party will pay, making the process of recovering compensation seem deceptively simple.
The fact is that anyone that has been injured in an accident should retain an attorney to represent them, regardless of whether the case is contested or not. This is because many insurance companies engage in tactics designed to minimize the amount that they pay out on valid claims. An attorney will thoroughly evaluate your case and ensure that any settlement that you accept compensates you for all of your losses.
Injured victims are often concerned about how much legal representation ill cost them. Fortunately for victims, almost all personal injury victims take their cases on a 2+ basis, which means that victims do not pay anything for legal representation unless their lawyer successfully recovers compensation on their behalf. In addition, when you retain a personal injury attorney, he or she will cover any up-front costs associated with your case, including experts’ fees and the costs associated with litigation.
If you have been injured in a car accident by a person who was eating while driving or otherwise distracted, you should contact an attorney immediately. Our attorneys are committed representing the legal rights of individuals who have been hurt in accidents and work hard to ensure that each client we represent obtains the largest settlement or award available by law. To schedule a free consultation with a lawyer, call today at 215-825-5183 or .
Thousands of people are injured in motorcycle accidents every year. Here are some of the more common causes of motorcycle accidents in the Philadelphia area.
Distracted drivers are less aware of their surroundings and often do not see motorcyclists until it is too late. While many of use tend to immediately think about smartphones when we think about ,1 distractions can take be much less high-tech. Some examples of the kinds of things that drivers can do and distract themselves include the following:
Despite public education campaigns aimed at educating people about the dangers of drunk driving and harsh penalties for even first-time offenders, people continue to drive drunk on a daily basis in the Philadelphia area. Drunk drivers pose a significant safety risk to motorcyclists as alcohol intoxication can affect a person’s spatial awareness, reaction time, and judgment. If you suspect that the driver who caused your accident was drunk, you should be sure to call the police.
Poor road maintenance is a significant factor in many accidents, especially those involving just one vehicle. Issues like potholes, overgrown vegetation, inadequate signage, faded paint, broken stoplights, poor drainage, and excessive grade can very easily cause a serious motorcycle crash.
It is important for the victim to be aware of the fact that when accidents caused by poor road maintenance occur on public property, claims arising from them are subject to a special set of legal rules that govern legal actions against public entities. These kinds of claims are subject to significant time limits, so victims should be certain to speak to an attorney as soon as possible.
Defectively manufactured, designed, or marketed motorcycles can cause extremely serious accidents, often with little to no warning. Some examples of the kinds of defects that often lead to crashes include brake failures, steering mechanism problems, defective tires, and fuel system defects. Victims of these kinds of incidents can often recover compensation from the manufacturer of the motorcycle.
Traffic laws exist to keep us all safe, and motorists who violate them can cause extremely serious injury-causing accidents. Some examples of the kinds of traffic violations that often lead to accidents involving motorcycles include the following:
Fortunately for victims, evidence that a driver violated a traffic law is often sufficient to establish liability. For this reason, it is important to contact law enforcement after an accident where a traffic violation may have occurred.
In order to recover compensation, victims need to be able to establish that their accident was the result of someone else’s .2 There are certain steps that you can take after involvement in an accident, the most important of which are detailed below.
Collect Information – After an accident, you should collect as much information as you can about your accident. Examples of the kinds of facts of which should make not include the names of the other motorists involved, the weather conditions at the time of the accident, the license plate numbers of the other vehicles involved, and the other driver’s insurance information. If you can, you should take pictures of the scene of the accident, especially if you believe that a hazardous road condition caused or contributed to your accident.
Seek Medical Attention – You should always undergo a thorough medical evaluation after involvement in an accident. Doing so will ensure that your injuries are identified, treated, and documented.
Talk to a Lawyer – You should talk to a lawyer as soon as you can after you are hurt in a motorcycle accident. A lawyer will analyze your accident, determine whether you have a claim, and protect your rights throughout the process of obtaining compensation for your losses.
If you have been hurt in a motorcycle accident caused by someone else, you may be entitled to significant compensation under Pennsylvania law. Examples of the kinds of losses for which accident victims often recover include medical expenses, property damage, loss of quality of life, lost income, and physical and emotional pain and suffering. To schedule a free consultation with attorney Gabriel Levin, call our office today at 215-825-5184 or .
It should be no surprise that crashes involving large commercial trucks can cause severe injuries. Some truck accident victims have their lives completely changed, as they may suffer permanent disabilities or impairments because of their …April 14, 2017
Pennsylvania law1 entitles people who are hurt in accidents that were caused by someone else’s negligence to compensation for the losses they sustain. Victims can recover for both their economic and non-economic losses, and some …April 6, 2017
Recent statistics show that over the past few years, Philadelphia car accidents – as well as car accidents statewide – have been on the rise. These high crash statistics in and around Philadelphia are …view more